Rockwall is a city in Rockwall County, Texas, USA, which is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. It is the Rockwall County seat. The population for the 2010 census was 37,490 but has increased several thousand since that time.
The Rockwall area was inhabited by ancient Native American cultures as far back as 13,500 to 13,000 years back. More recently, the Rockwall area was occupied by Caddo Indians. Creek Indians moved into the area in the early 19th century.
In 1851, the first Anglo-Americans transferred to the general area, and began to dig wells. Throughout the digging, they discovered huge underground rock walls that were first thought to be manmade. In a future study of the wall-like formations by geologists and archaeologists found them to be jointed, natural sandstone that had in fact intruded. In 2013, forensic geologist, Scott Wolter, on the tv program America Unearthed, took a look at Rockwall to examine the claims that the wall might have been manmade, and the conclusion of the episode was that the underground structure was natural and not man-made.
The town was incorporated on April 17, 1854 and called after these natural rock walls. While originally part of Kaufman County, in 1873, Rockwall County was formed with Rockwall being the county seat.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.6 square miles, of which, 22.3 square miles of it is land and 0.4 square miles of it (1.63%) is water.
Rockwall is on the east coast of Lake Ray Hubbard about 20 miles northeast of Dallas. It is on state highways 205 and 66, north of Interstate 30.
The environment in this area is specified by hot, wet summertime seasons and generally moderate to cool winter. According to the Köppen Environment Classification system, Rockwall has a damp subtropical environment, minimized “Cfa” on environment maps.
Considering that the census of 2000, there were 17,976 individuals, 6,605 homes, and 5,158 houses living in the city. The population density was 806.9 individuals per square mile. There were 7,089 realty systems at a typical density of 318.2 per square mile (122.8/ km ²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.35% White, 3.00% African American, 0.38% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.57% from other races, and 1.28% from 2 or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.44% of the population.
There were 6,605 homes out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.8% were wed couples cohabiting, 8.7% had a female house owner with no hubby present, and 21.9% were non-families. 18.6% of all homes were comprised of people and 5.4% had somebody living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The typical home size was 2.68 and the typical house size was 3.06. Rockwall has grown considerably since the census by thousands of people and a whole lot of new house construction.
In the city, the population was expanded with 27.5% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The typical age was 37 years. For each 100 women, there were 95.5 males. For every single 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The common earnings for a home in the city was $65,411, and the typical earnings for a family was $75,121. Males had a regular profits of $55,370 versus $35,139 for women. The per capita earnings for the city was $29,843. About 3.2% of houses and 3.9% of the population were noted below the difficulty line, consisting of 4.6% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.
Rockwall County is the smallest county in Texas, covering only 147 square miles, it is also amongst the leading 5 fastest-growing counties in the United States. Considered that the 2006 census by the North Texas Central Council of Governments, the city had a population of 29,500. In 2006, Rockwall County was the fastest-growing county in the United States by population. The population has more then doubled in the general area of Rockwall since 2006 and is still growing. New construction is going on across the whole county and shows no signs of slowing down.